The predictive value of interpersonal schemas, perfectionism, and thought action-fusion in obsessive-compulsive disorder
Adem Aydın, Murat Boysan, Şennur Tutarel-Kışlak, Temel Kalafat, Yavuz Selvi, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu
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Article No: 2   Article Type :  Research
Objective: Cognitive vulnerability factors are central in the etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nosological classifications among symptom clusters have been developed to enable the understanding of possible mechanisms underlying obsessive compulsive symptoms. Previous researchers have emphasized that perfectionist attitudes and thought action-fusion link to increase in obsessive compulsive symptom severity in clinical and nonclinical samples. However, multi-dimensional relations between obsessive compulsive symptoms and vulnerability factors such as interpersonal schemas have received little attention. This study examined connections between cognitive vulnerability factors and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Method: The data collected from 263 university students. Associations between variables were analyzed by using structural equation modeling.

Results: The results of the study indicated that dysfunctional interpersonal schemas were the most hazardous factors that predict perfectionist attitudes, thought action-fusion, and symptom severity in obsessive compulsive disorder. Washing and precision were the final manifestation symptoms mediated by checking. Maladaptive interpersonal schemas, perfectionist attitudes, and thought action-fusion were all vulnerability agents in the development of obsessive compulsive symptoms. Checking played a prominent role in exacerbation of obsessive –compulsive symptoms.

Conclusion: Onset and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder is a multidimensional process. Negativistic interpersonal beliefs seem to be an important risk factor. Findings are discussed in the light of current theoretical considerations.
Keywords : Obsessive compulsive symptoms, limitedness schemas, perfectionism, thought action-fusion, checking, interpersonal schemas
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2012;25:108-118
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