Investigation of depressive symptoms and related variables with depressive symptoms in alcohol and substance abusers
Gulseren Keskin, Aysun Babacan Gumus
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Article No: 6   Article Type :  Research
Objective: It is aimed to evaluate the bonding and personality traits which are thought to affect the level of depressive symptoms in alcohol and substance abusers.

Methods: The study sample consists of 289 patients diagnosed with alcohol and substance dependence, that have been followed up at inpatient or outpatient units of Ege University, The Institute on Drug Abuse, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science and Ege University, Department of Psychiatry Alcohol/Drug Dependency Unit. In the study, sociodemographic data form, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECRI) were applied by means of face to face interviews.

Results: The mean age of the patients in the study was 32.5±11.0 years. It was found that 76.8% of the patients had high levels of depressive symptoms (BDI>17). It was determined that there was a significant difference between the level of avoidant attachment scores and depressive symptoms scores of the patients. In the evaluation of TCI scores according to BDI cut-off scores, it was found that depressive patients (BDI>17) have significant differences on the harm avoidance, cooperate and self-transcendence scores than those non-depressive patients (BDI<17).

Conclusion: Our study showed that certain personality and bonding characteristics of the patient affected the depressive symptoms levels.
Keywords : Addiction, alcohol, attachment, depression, substance
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2017;30:124-135
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