Electroencephalographic complexity and decreased randomness in drug-naive obsessive-compulsive patients
Oguz Tan, Serap Aydin
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Article No: 4   Article Type :  Research
Objective: Studies investigating the complexity in electroencephalography (EEG) in various neuropsychiatric disorders have yielded abnormal results. However, few studies have examined EEG complexity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Methods: An eyes-closed scalp EEG series of 3 minutes was recorded in drug-naive patients with OCD and in healthy controls. Each single trial was segmented into multiple identical epochs using two windows of 10 and 30 seconds. Both Kolmogorov Complexity (KC) values and autoregressive (AR) model orders were estimated to quantify the EEG complexity for segmented EEG epochs.

Results: The EEG complexity, measured by both KC and AR model orders and in estimations using window lengths of 10 and 30 seconds, was lower in the patients than in the controls. In the AR model orders, the 10-second window differentiated the patients and controls better than the 30-second window.

Conclusion: OCD is characterized by low EEG complexity, increased regularity, or decreased randomness. Segmentation of EEG signals is useful for their quantitative identification, a smaller window providing a more sensitive characterization of EEG.
Keywords : Autoregressive model order, EEG complexity, Kolmogorov complexity, obsessive compulsive disorder
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2017;30:101-112
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